【精品】英语语法,好不容易整理出来的哦

choovin 发布于:2011-2-23 21:09 分类:学习笔记 标签: 英语学习


 

点击查看原图

★希望做某事hope to do sth.     ★决定做某事decide to do sth    
★同意做某事agree to do sth.   ★需要某人做某事need to do sth.
★使用某物做某事use sth to do sth  
★准备做某事get/be ready to do    ★ 计划做某事plan to do sth. ★希望某人做某事wish sb. to do sth.
★轮流做某事take one’s turns to do sth.  ★拒绝做某事refuse to do sth.
★告诉某人做某事tell sb. to do sth.★请某人做某事ask sb. to do sth.
★想要某人做某事want /would like sb. to do sth.  ★不得不have to do    
★同意某人做某事agree sb. to do sth. ★教某人做某事teach sb. to do sth.
★喜欢/想要某人做某事 like sb. to do sth.★encourage sb to do鼓励某人做    
★帮助某人做某事help sb. to do sth/help sb.do
★It’s one’s turn to do sth. 轮到某人做某事  例:It your turn to clean the blackboard.
★It’s time(for sb.) to do sth.是某人做某事时候了   例:It’s time for me to go home.
★It’s +adj. for/of sb. to do sth. 对于某人来说做某事是……
     例: It is easy for me to learn it well.  It is very kind/foolish/nice of you to do so.    
★It takes sb. sometime to do sth. 某人做某事花了某时间  
   例句: 1.It takes me an hour to get to school by bike.  2.It took me an hour to watch TV last night. 3.It will tak
★too+adj./adv. to do sth.  太…..而不能                例: He was to angry to say a word.
★find/think/feel it +adj. to do sth.发现/认为/感到做某事是…  I find/think/feel it hard to learn English well.  
★序数词+to do 第…..个做某事 例句:Who is the first to get there?
★我不知/忘记了怎么办。I didn't know/forgot what to do.
★离开房间时不要忘记/记住关灯        
例句:Don’t forget/Remember to turn off the lights when you left the room
★be+adj+to do sth     例句:I am very sorry to hear that.  I am ready to help others.   I am happy / pleased / glad to meet you.
顺口溜:本领最多不定式,主表定补宾和状;样样成分都能干,只有谓语它不敢;大家千万要小心,有时它把句型改;作主语时用it,自己在后把身藏;七个感官三使役,宾补要把to甩开;疑问词后接上它,宾语从句可充当;逻辑主语不定式,不定式前加for sb.;to前not是否定,各种用法区别开。
e her two weeks to finish the work.

以下是不带to的动词不定式(即动词原形)的常见用法
★    am let sb. do sth让某人做某事                 ★ make do sth使得某人做某事
★ hear do sth do sth听见某人做某事              ★see do sth do sth看见某人做某事
★why not/why don’t you +动原?为什么不.?Why not/Why don’t you take a walk?
★ 某人+had better( not)do 某人最好(不)做某事
★情态动词can/may /must /should+ 动词原(包括情态动词的否定形式+动词原形)
★  助动词do/does/did/will/would在构成疑问句或者构成否定句即don’t  /doesn’t /didn’t  /will not  /would not+ 动词原形
★ be going to + 动词原形(表示“即将”“打算” 做某事)
使用-ing分词的几种情况
1.在进行时态中。He is watching TV.  They were dancing at nine o'clock last night.
2.在there be结构中。如:There is a boy swimming in the river.
3.在have fun/problems结构
4.在介词后面。如:Thanks for helping me.             Are you good at playing basketball?
What /How about doing sth? 做某事怎么样?            I interested in playing football.
5.在以下结构中  1. enjoy doing sth    喜欢做某事;
2. finish doing sth;      完成做某事;    3.feel like doing sth       想要做某事;
4. stop doing sth  停止做某事(原来的事)    5.forget doing sth      忘记做过某事
6. go on doing sth   继续做某事(原来的事);7.remember doing sth      记得做过某事
8. like doing sth    喜欢做某事;    9.find /see/hear/watch sb doing发现/看到/听到/观看某人做
10. try doing sth     试图做某事;    11. need doing sth     需要做某事;
12. prefer doing sth 宁愿做某事;    13.mind doing sth  介意做某事;
14. miss doing sth  错过做某事;    15.practice doing sth     练习做某事;
16. be busy doing sth     忙于做某事;17.can't help doing sth   禁不住做某事;
中。如:We have fun learning English this term.
They had problems g
18.waste time/money doing   浪费时间/钱做; 19.keep sb.doing 让…始终/一直做…
20. stop sb.(from)doing                  阻止某人做某事
21. prefer doing A to doing B=like A better than B喜欢做B更喜欢做A
22. “do some +doing”短语  如:do some shopping/do some washing/do some reading/do some practicing/do some cleaning/do some speaking
23.“go doing”短语去做某事(主要指文娱活动等)如:go shopping/go fishing/go swimming/go hiking/go skating/go camping/go skiing(滑雪/go boating /
etting to the top of the mountain.



本文原创于曾巧文博客,转载请保留http://www.choovin.com

版权所有:《曾巧文博客-关注互联网IT技术,记录生活点滴》 => 《【精品】英语语法,好不容易整理出来的哦
本文地址://qiaowen.net/post-1056.html
除非注明,文章均为 《曾巧文博客-关注互联网IT技术,记录生活点滴》 原创,欢迎转载!转载请注明本文地址,谢谢。

有 4199 人浏览,获得评论 0 条

发表评论:

Powered by emlog 粤ICP备12040901号

>>本作品采用-知识共享署名-非商业-禁止演绎-协议-进行许可 |站点地图 | | | | 开放分类目录 |