[CET4作文]作文批改常见错误归纳

曾巧文 发布于:2011-8-26 7:18 分类:学习笔记 标签: 英语学习

[CET4作文]作文批改常见错误归纳1. 最常见错误:从句连接词缺失,最主要的是THERE BE句型:
There is a saying goes ... [应为There is a saying which goes ...]
There are many people think that... [应为There are many people who think that...或者直接说Many people think that...]
It's the major thing affects people's friendship. [少了一个that]
When we have difficulty, someone helps you right away is the real friend. [少了一个who]
2. NO MATTER / WHETHER错误,这是英语专业学生最容易犯的另一类错误:
Friendship is important for no matter rich people or poor people. [宜改为Friendship is possible, whether for rich people or for poor people. "no matter"后面必须接一个小句(主语、谓语完整)]
3. C语类重复。所谓C语类是个句法用语,用于引导一个完整的小句,起标志作用,如that/whether等等:
People are not sure that whether... [that一词多余]
4. LACK / LACKING
似乎受汉语语感的影响,多数英语学生似乎认为lack是形容词,所以时常说is lack of...
5. 逻辑域错误。这个应该不难判断,但还是经常出错:
If people become friends, both of them won't care about money... [可改为neither of them care about money...]
其他:
语义重复
In my opinion, I agree with the view that... [agree一词本身就表示说话人的观点,可将In my opinion去掉,或把后面的一半改为the view that... is right]
share many common interests [common与share属同义反复,可改为have many common interests或share many interests]
论断过于绝对,缺乏足够思考
A person with good finance will not understand why his poor friend gets on a sardine-jam like bus and always choose to dine at some poor-condition restaurant at the roadsides... [相信富人也不至于笨到这个程度]
句义严重反复,缺乏变化
Some people believe that financial disparity affects friendship. Some believe that financial disparity doesn't affect friendship. For my part, I agree with the latter, because financial disparity doesn't affect friendship. [不必多说了]
连词错误
It is not difficult to imagine if those rich people have some poor friends with common interests. [if一词显然应该是that,不过更通顺的说法应该是It is not difficult to imagine rich people having some poor friends with similar interests.]
不会使用照应语
We won't ask people whether they have much money or not when making friends with other people. [people和other people显然应该是同指关系,后面的other people应改为them才对]
作文是对语言的综合运用,可以集中体现出学习者的基本功和思维能力;语感非常重要,不过要形成好的语感还需要长期的反复训练。过去指导英语专业大四学生毕业论文,每届都发现有不少已经过了TEM8的英语专业学生的语言能力有明显缺陷。写作能力必须建立在大量阅读、用心感受和无数次练习的基础上,对此曾对学生反复讲过多次,不过由于无法立竿见影,多数学生不能很好地坚持,很是遗憾。

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